The tarot is a deck of 78 cards containing symbols from many ancient cultures. These 78 cards are divided in 22 major arcana (secret) cards and 56 minor arcana cards. Today Tarot is commonly used for divination or fortune telling in the form of Tarotology and Cartomancy. Tarot cards are the very earliest recordings of myths, fables, and significant historical events.
In the beginnings of civilizations, these accounts were handed down orally, but eventually they were put into pictorial form. Many of the major trump cards are clearly reminiscent of biblical stories, e.g.
The Lovers – story of Adam and Eve
The Tower – tower of Babel
The Hanged Man – crucifixion
The Hermit – Diogenes, the Greek philosopher and ascetic (412 to 323 BC)
In the ancient times, most people did not read or write. Symbols were used instead of words to convey information. Thus a common language of symbols, based on mystical symbols taken from many cultures, was developed and put onto cards. The key was to remain a secret knowledge that was exclusively transmitted by words of mouth from one generation to the next.
Major arcana deals with spiritual or psychological changes or internal conflicts. Minor arcana is indicative of daily activities, mundane events, external influences and / or people. This distinction between major and minor arcana can also be interpreted interchangeably. Deeply based on Human Psychology, Tarot cards are also connected with Astrology, Numerology, Palmistry, Kabala, Gemology, and Meditation.